India conducted two nuclear explosion experiments. Once for atom bomb and second time for hydrogen bomb. This capability is perceived to serve as a deterrent in an increasingly hostile neighbourhood. Besides, it gives Indian nuclear scientists a sense of achievement and the nation a sense of pride.
The consequence of nuclear explosion is invocation of sanction from develped world. As a result we cannot access nuclear technology for peaceful purpose - medical use, scientific use as well as for common public good like power generation. In addition, economic blockade will affect our ability to get external funding for nonnuclear related matter. Which in turn will affect common public more than elite who have access to government and personal resource.
In this background I find Dr Santhanam's assertion that India's themonuclear explosion was a failure and India needs to conduct two more tests, a bit surprising. Firstly, he kept quiet for 10 years. He also apparently is part of nuclear scientists that opposed Indo US civil nuclear cooperation. Given the potential consequence of another explosion to common public we should abstain. Besides nuclear bomb is a deterrent for someone afraid of losing something. Not lunatics of ultra extremist fringe. Anyway, they are targeting us at will despite nuclear capability. A point to consider, in the event of a nuclear war will there be anyone to keep score of death due to atomic explosion and hydrogen bomb explosion?
I think a paranoia is being hyped up by vested interest groups in the guise of nationalism, which apparently is misplaced.